Very little is known about the cause of most of the AFM cases but neurological diseases like AFM are often linked to viruses including poliovirus, non-polio enteroviruses, adenoviruses and West Nile virus and environmental toxins.
"If we don't know what causes it, we don't know how to treat it", Dr. Vogel said. It caused an outbreak of 160 confirmed cases in the Lower Hudson Valley of NY in 2016, they reported."It looks like the new strains are better able to affect human motor neuron-like cells than older strains", said Tyler.It wasn't just the U.S.: European researchers reported 29 cases of EV-D68 infection in children and adults with acute flaccid myelitis in 2016.Tyler and colleagues infected mice with EV-D68 and showed it could affect the nervous system.
This year alone there have been 62 confirmed cases in 22 different states.
Rodney E. Rohde, chair of the Texas State University Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) program, is closely following AFM reports coming out of the Center for Disease Control (CDC).
That's an increase of 28 cases in a matter of days.
Six or seven Minnesota children have been diagnosed this year with AFM, a polio-like disorder that attacks the spongy core of the spinal cord.
The CDC has not confirmed the ten cases in IL are actually AFM yet, but IDPH expects confirmation in the next couple weeks.
Since August 2014, a total of 386 cases have been confirmed across US.
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It should be out in only a matter of weeks, according to USA Today and it's the first new flu drug in 20 years, reportsPopSci. It works about as well as Tamiflu, Roche's older flu treatment, which is also available in cheaper generic versions.
"If [parents] do have a suspicion about their child suffering from weakness that is unexplained, or it happened suddenly, then they should go to their doctor or go to their emergency room as soon as they can", he said.
The CDC urges parents to be aware of this illness and to seek medical care right away if family members develop sudden weakness or loss of muscle tone in the arms or legs.
"It was one of the most horrific experiences of my life", said Palacios, of Columbus, Georgia. "Or if it's closer to the neck, they can't move head, neck and shoulders".
"At this point, she is making nearly daily gains", said one of Abigail's doctors, pediatric rehabilitation physician Dr. Laura Jones. Palacios said her daughter wants to get up and play, but gets frustrated and doesn't understand why she can't.
What are the treatments for AFM and the prognosis for a vaccine? And while some recover, others remain paralyzed.
"Wash your hands", she says.
"No parent should ever have to experience that".