The US, which withdrew from the UN Human Rights Council in June describing it as "hypocritical and self-serving" as well as a "cesspoll of political bias", also criticised the latest election.
New members Bahrain, Cameroon, the Philippines, Somalia, Bangladesh and Eritrea were elected with between 160 and 178 votes - and immediately drew criticism from campaigners in Europe and North America dismissing them as "unqualified" due to their human rights records. India got the highest number of votes among all 18 countries in the five regional categories. Bahrain, Fiji and the Philippines were other regional candidates.
India will be among the 13 members that represent the Asia-Pacific region on the council.
The election of Bangladesh to the council is recognition of the progress the country has made in different human rights indices, Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the UN Masud Bin Momen thinks.
India got 188 votes in the Asia-Pacific category when the election was held at the 193-member United Nations General Assembly. "More importantly, the United States will continue to be the world's human rights leader regardless of the suspect composition and poor decisions of the Human Rights Council", Haley, who is stepping down from her role in January, added.
Nikki Haley, who this week announced her resignation as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, said Friday's vote demonstrates why the USA was right to withdraw.
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India had previously been elected to the Geneva-based Human Rights Council for the 2011-2014 and 2014-2017 term.
The 47-member Human Rights Council, or UNHRC, can spotlight abuses and has special monitors watching certain countries and issues.
Countries can be elected for only two consecutive terms and India took a year's break when its term ended in 2017.
"The United States will continue to support reforms that would make the Human Rights' Council credible".
The African region has 13 seats, Latin American and Caribbean region has 8, the East European region 6, and the West Europen and others group 7.
Following the election, Akbaruddin tweeted, "Voting for a Happy Outcome".
India's presence on the Council will be important because the previous UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad Al Hussein asked the body to facilitate an worldwide commission of enquiry into allegations of human rights violation in Kashmir.