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Over the next seven years, the probe will make 24 close approaches and finally get the closest it will ever be - at 3.8 million miles.

The spacecraft passed within 26.55 million miles of the sun's surface. As of 10:00 a.m. GMT/UTC (5:00 a.m. EDT) on the following day, the probe was 40,350,600 km (25,072,700 mi) from the Sun's surface and closing fast, beating another of Helios 2's records from 1976.

USA space agency NASA boasted in a statement the Parker Solar Probe will continue to break even more records as it makes numerous approaches to the star. "We are proud of this event, although we continue to focus on our first solar meeting, which starts on 31 October", says project Manager Andy Driesman.

"The spacecraft passed the current record of 26.55 million miles (42.73 million kilometers) from the Sun's surface on October 29, 2018, at about 1:04 pm EDT (1704 GMT)", said a NASA statement.

It is also expected that the Parker Solar Probe will break the record speed on the approach to the Sun, which was also installed "Helios-2" - 153,454 miles per hour. Currently, NASA's Juno Jupiter spacecraft holds the record for highest speed relative to the Earth.

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Not content with just being the closest ever probe to the Sun, NASA expected the spacecraft to break a speed record on Tuesday night as well. In the USA the Department also expects that the spacecraft will break the record concerning the speed with which it approaches the Sun. At perihelion it will be travelling at 95.3 km/s (343,080 km/h; 213,180 mph) around 24.1 million km (14.9 million miles) from the Sun's surface. And even though the solar wind is invisible, we can see it encircling the poles as the aurora, which are attractive - but reveal the enormous amount of energy and particles that cascade into our atmosphere.

Scientists want to answer phenomena which have puzzled researchers for decades, including the causes behind the acceleration of solar winds and geomagnetic storms.

"It's a bit like if you walked away from a campfire and suddenly got much hotter", Fox said.

The Parker Solar Probe team periodically measures the spacecraft's precise speed and position using NASA's Deep Space Network, or DSN.


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