The Wall Street Journal explains why the moon will seem red: "Because particles in the Earth's atmosphere scatter blue light, only the remaining red light will reach the moon" and bounce off it "when the Earth blocks the sun".
By the time the total eclipse starts at 11:41 p.m., the view should be clear with only spotty upper level clouds, says Scott Krentz, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service based out of Greenville-Spartanburg.
All of which is to say that what you're getting is a SUPER BLOOD WOLF MOON, which sounds much cooler than "total lunar eclipse", just saying. Unlike the short solar eclipse, the lunar eclipse will last a few hours.
The next supermoon, on February 19, will be a bit closer and the one in March will be the farthest of the three.
A partial eclipse will also be visible in lead up to the total eclipse and after it is completed.
Events include a special presentation in the renovated Zeidler Dome about the geometry of the eclipse as well as a peek at the new S.P.A.C.E. Gallery featuring a real piece of the Moon. January's eclipse combines a blood moon with a full super moon.
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It will take place early on Monday morning, beginning at around 2.35am and ending at 6.51am, however the best time to glimpse the phenomenon will be at 5.15am - the "maximum eclipse" phase.
All week the Central Florida Astronomical Society has been celebrating Moon Week, and Sunday's culmination is this viewing party in honor of the SUPER BLOOD WOLF MOON! During the lunar eclipse, the Moon is blocked from the sunlight since the Earth is in the way. "Lunar eclipses. reflect our world", astronomer and podcaster Pamela Gay told Space.com in an email. "It appeared when wolves howled in hunger outside the villages".
So, to recap: The moon will be closer to Earth than usual (a "super moon").
The Moon will be pretty low in the sky, so to have a chance of seeing it, make sure you have a free line of sight to the western horizon. As the light passes through the atmosphere it gets bent toward the moon. So it will be a super wolf blood moon. At that location, it's also dark enough that people might be able to see the Milky Way, he said. Those combined with the trick of the eye that happens during moonrises that make it already look bigger mean super moon rises are spectacular.
"Wolf Moon" - a Native American term used to describe the first full moon of the year.
"The wolf part of it is related to the mythology around a full moon during January".