When the right alignment happens, the penumbral eclipse leads to a partial eclipse, which becomes a total eclipse, showing the brightest stars and planets in just about 62 minutes.
A super moon is when a full moon is closer to the earth than normal and hence, appears bigger. Hartigan works at Rice University in Texas. "It's about an hour". The eclipse peaks at 12:12 a.m., and the penumbral eclipse ends at 2:48 a.m.
The maximum total lunar eclipse will be around 12:12AM EST.
This eclipse will also be visible in north-western France, north-western Spain, Portugal, a small part of west Africa, nearly the whole of North and South America, the eastern Pacific, and the north-eastern tip of Russian Federation.
Some places will be livestreaming it, including the Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles.
"How gold, orange, or red the Moon appears during a total lunar eclipse depends on how much dust, water, and other particles are in Earth's atmosphere, as well as factors such as temperature and humidity", according to NASA.
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The reddish color is why an eclipsed moon is sometimes called a "blood moon".
The second phase of an eclipse sees the earth's fuller and darker shadow, the umbra, stretch across the face of the moon causing it to appear red and giving it the name "blood moon". If the weather cooperates, viewers in South America and North America will be able to witness the rare event on Sunday night. Plus the next day is a federal holiday, with most schools closed.
Parents "can keep their kids up maybe a little bit later, " said, Hartigan, who will catch the lunar extravaganza from Houston. I have seen it quite a few times before though, so I'll be in bed I think!
Stargazers around the world, here's a piece of good news for you. Australia and Asia, including India, will miss the eclipse.
The last total lunar eclipse of the decade is occurring Sunday, and it'll be pretty awesome.
The National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), through its Centre for Basic Space Science (CBSS) has said that there will be a lunar eclipse over Nigeria on Monday, January 21, 2019.
As for full-moon supermoons, this will be the first of three this year. At apogee (the most distant part), the moon is 252,000 miles (405,500 kilometers) away.